St. Petersburg Metro
St. Petersburg Metro Lines
There are 5 metro lines (with the 6th one currently under construction and slated to be open in 2020) and each line is identified by its name and color. You can transfer from one line to the other until midnight.
Line 1 or Red Line is also known by the name Kirovsko–Vyborgskaya and it is the oldest line opened in 1955. The length of the route is 29.6km (Until the construction in 2003 of the Ladoga station, the Red Line connected all railway stations of the city: the Baltic, Warsaw (now closed), Vitebsk, Moscow, and Finland railway stations). This line connects Avtovo to Lesnaya. Line 1 serves 19 stations and it takes 47 minutes to ride between two terminals.
Line 2 or Blue Line is also known by the name Moskovsko–Petrogradskaya and it is the second oldest metro line opened in 1961. The line features first cross-platform transferring in U.S.S.R. It is built with unique platform type and after extension in 2006; it became the longest line in the system. The length of the line is 30.1 serving 18 stations. The route operates from north to south from Tekhnologicheskiy towards parnas. It takes 47 minutes to travel between two terminals.
Line 3 or Green Line is also known by the name Nevsko-Vasileostrovskaya and this line was opened in 1967. The length of the route is 24.3km serving 10 stations. Nevsko-Vasileostrovskaya Metro Line connects West and South-East regions via the center of the city. The stations on this line is built horizontal lift type and it hold the longest inter station tunnel in the entire system. The line moves through east west axis turning south-east and heading towards Neva River.
Line 4 or Brown Line is also known by the name Pravoberezhnaya and the line was opened in 1985. It is the shortest line in the system and it runs to the eastern part of the city along the banks of Neva River. The length of the route is 11.1 serving 8 stations. It takes 19 minutes to travel between two terminals.
Line 5 or Purple Line is also known by the name Frunzensko – Primorskaya and the route connects the north-western part to the southern area. The line is further getting expanded towards south. The line opened in 2008 and the length of the route is 20.1km serving 12 stations. it takes 30 minutes to ride between two terminals.
Line 6 is under construction and this line is also known by the name Krasnosel’sko- Kalininskaya. The line is planning to run from south-west of St. Petersburg towards the north-east of the city. The line is planning to get opened by 2020.
St Petersburg Metro Map:
History of St. Petersburg Metro
The question of building an underground road - a Metro - in St. Petersburg arose back at the beginning of the 19th century. A resident of the city, a self-taught man by the name of Torgovanov, submitted a bold project to Alexander I – that of a tunnel to be dug from the center of the city to Vasilievsky Island. The Russian ruler rejected the project and ordered the inventor to sign a pledge not to engage in a hare-brained exercise in the future, but to exercise his efforts in matters appropriate to his estate. Other, more developed projected were subsequently forwarded, but they, too, received no recognition.
Many arguments were advanced again the construction of an underground road. The city fathers stated that the excavation works would “violate the amenities and respectability of the city”; the landlords affirmed that underground traffic would undermine the foundations of the buildings; the merchants feared that the “open excavations would interfere with normal trade”, but the most violent adversaries of the novelty were the clergy, who insisted that the “underground passages running hear church buildings would detract from their dignity”. Thus all the projects for the construction of an underground passage in St. Petersburg remained on paper.
Revolution, civil war, hardships of the restorative period put off the idea of building a Metro in Soviet Leningrad for many years. However, the city grew, its boundaries expanded, and the need for a new, cheaper and faster type of transportation was imperative. In January 1941 a decision was taken to build a Metro in Leningrad. However, the war toiled all plans. Work was slowed down on June 24, 19141, and soon stopped altogether. It was renewed in the early 1950s, when the city had repaired its war damages.
On November 15, 1955, the first line of the Metro was opened – from Avtovo to the Uprising Square; its length was 10.8 km. This date is the birthday of the Saint Petersburg Metro.
The laying of underground lines in such a city as St. Petersburg is fraught with many difficulties. The builders had to break through ancient Cambrian clay-stone series formed almost 600 million years ago. Not infrequently they encountered gigantic boulders, five and more meters in diameter. The work was also complicated by the Neva – the river had to be crossed three times.
The construction of the Saint Petersburg metro generated numerous innovations. Among them, for instance, are the single-spanned vaults of the deep-lying stations Ploshchad Muzhestva, Polytekhnicheskaya, and others. The absence of supporting columns makes for freer movement of passengers on the platform.
The Saint Petersburg metro is highly economical. All its stations are situated higher than the tunnels, as if on little hills. As they leave the stations, the trains go down on incline (power economy), and they arrive on upgrade slope (less power or compressed air spent on braking).
For the first time in the world subway construction stations without boarding platforms were built in St. Petersburg. The central hall has a series of niches with closed doors that separate it from the tunnel. The door of the niches open only when the train has come to a full stop and its doors are in line with the niche doors – just as in a lift. The system was therefore named a “horizontal lift”.
The platform-less type of station has definite advantages: the possibility of contact between passengers in the hall and the moving train is excluded; 36 percent less excavation work is needed; the diameter of the tunnel remains the same throughout its entire length; and the most important merit is that they preconditioned the automation of underground traffic. The trains stop automatically at precisely established places without manual operation. Automatic devices slow down the movement of the train much more smoothly and accurately than drivers do.